Winesap is a small, round, late-season apple, cherry red in color with a chewy skin. Its crisp, juicy, white flesh is more sweet than tart. Front Counter. West Virginia’s official state fruit, Golden Delicious is one of the most widely planted apples in the world, and parent to a number of other varieties. Arkansaw is an all-purpose apple, boasting sugars, acids, and tannins, making it perfect for cooking and cider. In our cidermaking process, we use apples from just over the mountain in Hendersonville, North Carolina which produces 85% of all North Carolina apples. They are very large and old, but produce fruit excellently. It is best used in cooking and in cider. GOLDEN DELICIOUS |1890s| Originating in Clay County, West Virginia, this is a low acid heirloom apple is sweet and aromatic. Ben Davis dates back to the early 1800s. This modern apple was bred for scab immunity but is also resistant to the other major apple diseases. This large red apple is great for fresh eating, cooking and cider. It stores well. For our cider, we use as many heirloom varieties as possible and find that the right balance of acid, sweetness, and tannin can be achieved with the apples that grow locally. Green to yellow skin flushed with red. Inside the firm and tender flesh is white with a greenish-yellow tinge. WOLF RIVER |1870s| These low acid heirloom apples hail from the shores of the Wolf River in Wisconsin. A tree planted in 1816 by H. N. Gillet in Rome, Ohio, on the banks of the Ohio River produced a shoot from below the graft — the part of the tree that is not supposed to bear fruit. It bruises easily, but stores reasonably well. Once widely grown in New England, Opalescent was discovered by George Hudson in Barry County, Michigan, a cross of Golden Delicious with Newtown Pippin. It stores exceptionally well, and its skin naturally darkens in storage. Thought to be a chance cross between Jonathan and Arkansas Black, it has some of the best characteristics of both. This sweetly aromatic apple has a pleasing tartness with hints of citrus, but it is not very juicy. According to the Arkansas Sentinel, a fair in Springdale saw over 140 seedling entries, and the top award went to the Mammoth Black Twig. It stores exceptionally well, and its trees are disease resistant. Released commercially in 1993, GoldRush was named Illinois’s official state fruit in 2008. Although they sent samples to Oregon State University, the variety remained unknown even after the Newells sold the property. We haven’t fruited it yet so I can’t vouch for its rot resistance, but it seems moderately resistant to cedar rust (I see some rust lesions on leaves but not severe and …. I got mine at Nagog Hill Farm. While not exhaustive, this list (and the links above) represents the vast majority of apples grown in New England orchards that were discovered in other states. …, An English (Somerset, 1907) “bittersharp” cider apple. While its popularity has waned in New England in recent years, only one other apple on America’s top ten list, McIntosh, discovered in 1801, is older than Rome Beauty. Grimes Golden dates back to the early 1800s, of unknown origin. Its yellow flesh is crisp, aromatic, and moderately juicy, and its flavor is nicely balanced, spicy, a little more tart than sweet. Inside the flesh is white, juicy, and crisp, producing low acid juice. Winter Banana apple (Bar Lois Weeks photo). Pippin at this link.http://1.bp.blogspot.com/_tJU-kLhAOoU/TLKCtlod-dI/AAAAAAAAFvA/8Q0_G5SQz2E/s400/Apples.jpgGoing to put a better pic up when I do my taste test later this week.great apple info, by the way. Individual apples would be smaller and less likely to look marketable, but if you’re just going to press them, well…. CRISPIN/MUTSU |1930| Originating in the Mutsu Province of Japan, these large green apples are not uniform in shape and can therefore be round, conical, or oblong. “A Stayman grower is a benefactor to all mankind!” –Georgia grower, and I concur!
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