/Resources 14 0 R <> endobj endobj 7 0 obj PRE-LABORATORY PREPARATION Review Secs. /Length 375 [ 11 0 R] The CRO stands for a cathode ray oscilloscope. 1 0 obj /Filter /FlateDecode ]�Ϯ�%�k ��զ�=�Q�3�/+E݊-긭����'�±b�Ź�3_Lk�$����� �g�_��1��Pi�SŖ���J|i�� The oscilloscope consists of the following major subsystems. 8 0 obj 960 0 obj <>stream B�)���-�\���ݗ�"�8��c�L>3cT�kM_JZ�nɓJ�|t[,�Wt���9i_ >> endobj endobj stream endobj /Filter /FlateDecode 3 0 obj d��d�;�H U�M��}��+�[��f;�L�\+���*r��Y���~|�. 17 0 obj �Y�d"K$�X|{�v'�֛�6�͛ɻ�&/�}�\՛M���d�ܔ�O�ò�7˺��m�7�覮7���[v���]M��&7���M��g��O�,�A��Ly�����Y��������dӟ��>�ޯ�g���H�Xu~���TX�? /Length 2271 <> %���� It is an extremely useful and the most versatile instrument in the electronic industry. C� �#y���T�����տ��#����L�^���o�71(��w�|I?U��Kdi��,�� M -�|�X�̲�"��+��H!�٨�x1�A4抍{N������/,��7���)���R�̯Ŵ��p {ڶ���u�j)̑�XԷ>u��n*���ԫ&�bN����Z@J�yX�T��'W�GaV�.�ŧ0G�8Z>.�V��������RD�a7��9��� ^������D�R����_�W��_{8���e_��a���w��T� �ŵ�?��h~h�cE��`P^�ǝ> �������-����� 2L&�uT��\W|S�����PJ�endstream <> Cathode Ray Oscilloscope (CRO) Definition: The cathode ray oscilloscope (CRO) is a type of electrical instrument which is used for showing the measurement and analysis of waveforms and others electronic and electrical phenomenon.It is a very fast X-Y plotter shows the input signal versus another signal or versus time. We can analyze the waveform by plotting amplitude along with the x-axis and y-axis. [/y��؏��(�]D�z�+hd���5Ri�ݤ��KW����8��U,cq镏�5�z�v�#34�E�����!���ʾi���1�ھx1l���c��W��������\_LV[1"h#W��l1�2f�[x�2��Cm��x���> �ĉ�D�3�ɩ�u'L�Ӹ���Ќ|��>�iv�������@��8��LD�r&�;���*T�Z� endobj '��Ʈ�Z 6 0 obj ]�A:��ƂRP��>�s�,2�y�D:oMj+�Qh <> %PDF-1.5 Time Base . �Ɗ��Z��%�[1k}馆z��T.Ev߈�D�4�f'O�D��\�S��� s�Db=\P��v�7��{� A cathode ray oscilloscope is a very fast X-Y plotter that can display an input signal versus time or another signal. xڍYK���ϯ���V����6�09d�E_��2m#K^=���ק���$���^,�H���W�?�?��K�?$YX�ˇ��CG�>�����7x>��SZ��]���Q/ It can be said as an adaptation of … Cathode Ray Oscilloscope Controls •it helps to display the actual waveform of any a.c. applied across the Y-plates •normally calibrated in –s/cm –ms/cm – s/cm •gives the time required for the spot to sweep 1 cm horizontally across the screen. endstream <> 9 0 obj J����$xC'~jG���~����s��8���=�����0�s�=qX{��k��y#��;^r�j�������qX�~9 ��WB&U���v�>xu�IHù���Epr�cP'�~�0N��")�^��8�C���F׵��$��w܏S[��A z��YV��%�Ҥ��h�Aw 14 0 obj << <>>> It is typically divided into four sections which are display, vertical controllers, horizontal controllers, and Triggers. >> /ProcSet [ /PDF /Text ] /Resources 1 0 R electron gun The cathode ray oscilloscope. endobj <> O0̓��m5�h���,ԽtQV��G�!͛���|��j�.FA�$�"3���&N�N*�I��W���UZD|��t�X�7�p���;�sK0,�+4B>�����%ZD�Et�]+����M�S+Ycu�So�֩c�Hv�:&[RS�K[! 12 0 obj that you are familiar with the basic operation of the cathode ray tube, which forms the heart of the oscilloscope. �� �0���Z�|�������̨[5[� h]bt�^�ӡ�}�ap��7�Iw�v The Cathode Ray Oscilloscope Introduction The following should give the student some familiarisation with the function and uses of the cathode ray oscilloscope (C.R.O.). 14 0 obj h��Y�n���yL�8�]�n���6l8K@=��ZbLq���ϩ�3\R���K���4�u�:��z֩�i�R�'��4Yq�25�)�:�� h���s�)��OOR�SƟ�s�J�ł=%C��S) ��A��IfhU���7O��ߤP��iR��ZlR�`�&586�њ��j3��,�%�R�"�2�V�Du*3�1��N���*��'���B�����4A@L �=A'���A���')%�D�Bh�/H�&�� ��ˆ��5��%� ��5e�\-�`��x˭��F�]f .9J*��^k6D(2���E�{�G��KBD(u�ȄGf��� ����ː��#0+vѳ�?�#�6�t��{r�qG"��� (PDF) oscilloscope.pdf | Amna Khalid - Academia.edu A cathode ray oscilloscope (CRO) is used to represent a waveform on an instrument and CRO provides best source as a digital instrument for representing and studying the waveforms. uRnϛ�(�4��6���>�{j��o�1�o�E��4�b�%�)P��>FJ��/�)ؠ�G�pk����*��Pb�~�����0β�>֡V�v����S���l����8 ~�w M�����,x�۫`���e���7��#D��~�(%����*�E`F;� ����' �S�Ҧ;�. /Font << /F45 6 0 R /F15 9 0 R /F60 12 0 R >> >> <> %PDF-1.4 endobj Where the beam hits the screen, the coating on the screen absorbs the energy from the electrons and releases the energy as light — a dot appears on the screen. %PDF-1.6 %���� 0˷,G [FԘ|!BD�^� ����^0�����-iU��+�k9�eb\��BSf��5����X��-ұ�Ԕ�(�U�740��m�9��Y��#�� ΅�4yǻ���i�g5�W���/��E�B`�*jy�%b�K(�GQt����N\��ۛ� 3.1 through 3.3.1 and 3.4 of Reference 2, paying special attention to Sec 3.3.1 and 3.4. ��ӂOx���� �IC�BpP�,B�f��r�H���\-��r˱���X �� 7 ��� ��������5R�n��P�D�i �:Ŭ�$kʌ9��N!~�/U��pc\��I�:J��D���3 $.' <>/XObject<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageB/ImageC/ImageI] >>/MediaBox[ 0 0 612 792] /Contents 4 0 R/Group<>/Tabs/S/StructParents 0>> /Type /Page In a cathode ray oscilloscope, CRO, the electron beam is directed towards a fluorescent screen. �|\�c�[�>�[8���Dz����$�%�v�\���k ��5���K� I��$du�� ځ��*Sd����Mer։rvB%Y_1�����k����|Ƈ�>�*�����/��7h�|j��e;Y�D�N����"|��†Ѿ��^H��\�%��� �-px��?À�Y{��$���( �/�-��|� _N�4O�Pb���{T��@���>G�ãI8�le�91�+�W�6��`^��Р�b� �o��WT:�䓅�R�B�����l%0-�� &�&?�C�a�!���{+��Y�BS#���D��_�"]��N�R�[w�^����Y`ؗkVm���6È�o]�7���SZ �xDP�S������dZ�Mk��_�0d.�Y3@�.3_o�%� �0�mξPųի�cS�P�� W7�Ai� /Parent 13 0 R >> endobj  Cathode-ray tube(CRT)  Vertical amplifier  Horizontal amplifier  Sweep Generator  Trigger circuit  … ���>�8 /Contents 16 0 R <> CRO is widely used for trouble shooting radio and television receivers as well as for laboratory research and design. 1 0 obj << stream 5 0 obj <> 21 0 obj << endobj stream ��;�&,�ܨ�ܨ}��V�M�"�U��>�9���9ȆZ� Xa�T�$ l�zz+"^�`� �T5X�B�W�P,[� ��`eE9Ԋ0��x�[�@��Zڜ#�!���-���HT�%���-c#. The procedure will be devoted to refining your skills of using the oscilloscope, which are essential for this course. <> Consider a simple sine wave electrical signal from some source as in Fig. /Type /Page Most of the oscilloscopes are used the probes and they are used for the input of any instrument. �����N�SesN��pc8��ߨ|Y�}[@5 endobj )�L�=X����*��D�Z^_���55N|�9�$M^b�2�$>�nwѼ�, l#�G. <> endobj �۠��Ivl��}0�]��2��i�V����@���ǡ��%CBrL"��.�+@���1(�[~_�1m�`D=�C!�I~� �d �����cXn��uٷa��G� �w���t����f� K���H$�u��H��=��,�*L���J������8�. 3 0 obj << ~/r�����x���/���k���V%���־��]x�tj�'%x,�k�+�w�Y�BŇ>t=fT �bkj�����[1^�d�”��{�6�/{'6DmKnC��V��O�/B��������H`����ב!P@N�đ� /MediaBox [0 0 595.276 841.89] xڍɒ۶�P�DUY4��'�v��T��s�IHD�"��x�>���f4�+��h��h�����I�U*,�t{8n�R�Y��y\�Eo͟A��������Fm#�� =����0�j[�7�l��+�6�h��& endobj �)�؋���("��F�5�?܅���1*J�M+u���L�!�N����l${�:(���f�U|�r��:Dw����6�-�<8����)d�f�i�k���h^p��)���[? 10 0 obj {’�zqa�'���O��k�&��_�o߳` AȄ���&�g K��'F��y?���{_>���7�����������2����! 15 0 obj << <> x�}�Ko�0���>:�����Z�rjE����"�h�����PZE(Z���7�gX���yI�s�e��.g"�hs�y+��Tq2/��$ �ܠ� ��0��N|���ȕ0r,�vy&�q6�].w�f���^޷b"^�fi��� ���Ku��"O�B����욵f��eQ��m᜶l+�83� �=B�y � �z��H� �NH^����b�aAX�Yr0���cԞ�L-k�6�Q�9Re��Q�C�:��K���X���ZU˶��d�u�+ᬆH����S;��5QL�2�U B�'Ѿ����3�˸����A��>��_4�3��� ����#�U� �c��#��eA=��ϗ����nO���g��endstream stream endobj endobj "�ypd F�Q��k?�n?~�O�[$�5��vw���t|�z������{|��J|��s���I�o{�#�9@M�b��ѫ�#W�0NON�!_4����Ưoܢ"c��R��3�G)끋�b)y����{�#XDj�/ ��b�NiɅ�D]8\�\kC�׽����\׳�/�Wl������\R�C)G/�1�٥:��#���+c�):Ǣ�3���zt�E=��J���ɟ�m�~�/��Z-�)j�hJ�����)�0�"�߿�kP�����+ɘ�-��9�"�q����%^Y!蹅)��KPP9GE���G�7� endobj /Font << /F45 6 0 R /F25 17 0 R /F15 9 0 R /F26 18 0 R >> /Parent 13 0 R /Contents 3 0 R >> endobj endobj <> 18 0 obj endobj ���� JFIF � � �� NExif MM * >Q Q %Q % �� ���� C endobj 13 0 obj /Filter /FlateDecode 16 0 obj << endobj 2 0 obj << stream �pճ��I�-N�A+��_A�o�s��+a����M��wj�z����RR.w.F��=I�I��H]���KP�I�E8Q��ɱ�i��k�O� T#����Z�eĿC�����I�ɤ�VO&IV�Y�飉���c��Va^$:M�6�G���F�I¥�H��G�r�̉@��]��Nm$��7�f'���o8>��6������;�SA؃�C�U?�;^����:Y�ߴY4�R��M~�i�=v[OZQ&Q��*G%��z�[/eYR)ycb.WZP���_Բ(s*���v�f1���)�Q7�s�q��$�P��(cM@ �� A Cathode Ray Oscilloscope (CRO) is an instrument generally used in a laboratory to display, measure and analyze various waveforms of electrical circuits. Brechin City Stadium, Financial Data Analyst Salary San Francisco, Hobby Lobby Uk Delivery, White Lake Weyauwega, Wi Reviews, Lyle Talbot Movies, Bosu Side To Side Push Ups, Dilemma Death Grips Sample, Weather In West Africa Nigeria, Wa Inna Min Shiati Alaa Ibrahim Urdu Translation, Silicon Fertilizer Price, Hollywood Casino Aurora Buffet, The Highlands Community, What Do Sedum Seeds Look Like?, I Miss You'' In Japanese, Why Is My Succulent Turning Yellow And Mushy, Champagne And Flutes Gift Box, Accounting Firm London, 2021 Lincoln Navigator Release Date, One Pan Mac And Cheese Bake, Best Wood For Porch Ceiling, How To Insert A Text Bubble In Excel, How To Microwave Vegetables Cooking Times, Request Letter For Purchase Of Goods, Pain In Lower Abdomen When Urinating And Pooping, Small Lawn Mower Cordless, Types Of Bhastrika Pranayama, Japanese Instant Coffee Sticks, Online Murdering Mystery Games Uk, Anti Irish Primary Source, Tv Dimensions Chart, Best Ashwagandha Tea, What Are The 3 Factors That Influence Perception, Kwara State College Of Education, Ilorin Post Utme 2019, Recessed Lighting Trim Rings Oversized, " /> /Resources 14 0 R <> endobj endobj 7 0 obj PRE-LABORATORY PREPARATION Review Secs. /Length 375 [ 11 0 R] The CRO stands for a cathode ray oscilloscope. 1 0 obj /Filter /FlateDecode ]�Ϯ�%�k ��զ�=�Q�3�/+E݊-긭����'�±b�Ź�3_Lk�$����� �g�_��1��Pi�SŖ���J|i�� The oscilloscope consists of the following major subsystems. 8 0 obj 960 0 obj <>stream B�)���-�\���ݗ�"�8��c�L>3cT�kM_JZ�nɓJ�|t[,�Wt���9i_ >> endobj endobj stream endobj /Filter /FlateDecode 3 0 obj d��d�;�H U�M��}��+�[��f;�L�\+���*r��Y���~|�. 17 0 obj �Y�d"K$�X|{�v'�֛�6�͛ɻ�&/�}�\՛M���d�ܔ�O�ò�7˺��m�7�覮7���[v���]M��&7���M��g��O�,�A��Ly�����Y��������dӟ��>�ޯ�g���H�Xu~���TX�? /Length 2271 <> %���� It is an extremely useful and the most versatile instrument in the electronic industry. C� �#y���T�����տ��#����L�^���o�71(��w�|I?U��Kdi��,�� M -�|�X�̲�"��+��H!�٨�x1�A4抍{N������/,��7���)���R�̯Ŵ��p {ڶ���u�j)̑�XԷ>u��n*���ԫ&�bN����Z@J�yX�T��'W�GaV�.�ŧ0G�8Z>.�V��������RD�a7��9��� ^������D�R����_�W��_{8���e_��a���w��T� �ŵ�?��h~h�cE��`P^�ǝ> �������-����� 2L&�uT��\W|S�����PJ�endstream <> Cathode Ray Oscilloscope (CRO) Definition: The cathode ray oscilloscope (CRO) is a type of electrical instrument which is used for showing the measurement and analysis of waveforms and others electronic and electrical phenomenon.It is a very fast X-Y plotter shows the input signal versus another signal or versus time. We can analyze the waveform by plotting amplitude along with the x-axis and y-axis. [/y��؏��(�]D�z�+hd���5Ri�ݤ��KW����8��U,cq镏�5�z�v�#34�E�����!���ʾi���1�ھx1l���c��W��������\_LV[1"h#W��l1�2f�[x�2��Cm��x���> �ĉ�D�3�ɩ�u'L�Ӹ���Ќ|��>�iv�������@��8��LD�r&�;���*T�Z� endobj '��Ʈ�Z 6 0 obj ]�A:��ƂRP��>�s�,2�y�D:oMj+�Qh <> %PDF-1.5 Time Base . �Ɗ��Z��%�[1k}馆z��T.Ev߈�D�4�f'O�D��\�S��� s�Db=\P��v�7��{� A cathode ray oscilloscope is a very fast X-Y plotter that can display an input signal versus time or another signal. xڍYK���ϯ���V����6�09d�E_��2m#K^=���ק���$���^,�H���W�?�?��K�?$YX�ˇ��CG�>�����7x>��SZ��]���Q/ It can be said as an adaptation of … Cathode Ray Oscilloscope Controls •it helps to display the actual waveform of any a.c. applied across the Y-plates •normally calibrated in –s/cm –ms/cm – s/cm •gives the time required for the spot to sweep 1 cm horizontally across the screen. endstream <> 9 0 obj J����$xC'~jG���~����s��8���=�����0�s�=qX{��k��y#��;^r�j�������qX�~9 ��WB&U���v�>xu�IHù���Epr�cP'�~�0N��")�^��8�C���F׵��$��w܏S[��A z��YV��%�Ҥ��h�Aw 14 0 obj << <>>> It is typically divided into four sections which are display, vertical controllers, horizontal controllers, and Triggers. >> /ProcSet [ /PDF /Text ] /Resources 1 0 R electron gun The cathode ray oscilloscope. endobj <> O0̓��m5�h���,ԽtQV��G�!͛���|��j�.FA�$�"3���&N�N*�I��W���UZD|��t�X�7�p���;�sK0,�+4B>�����%ZD�Et�]+����M�S+Ycu�So�֩c�Hv�:&[RS�K[! 12 0 obj that you are familiar with the basic operation of the cathode ray tube, which forms the heart of the oscilloscope. �� �0���Z�|�������̨[5[� h]bt�^�ӡ�}�ap��7�Iw�v The Cathode Ray Oscilloscope Introduction The following should give the student some familiarisation with the function and uses of the cathode ray oscilloscope (C.R.O.). 14 0 obj h��Y�n���yL�8�]�n���6l8K@=��ZbLq���ϩ�3\R���K���4�u�:��z֩�i�R�'��4Yq�25�)�:�� h���s�)��OOR�SƟ�s�J�ł=%C��S) ��A��IfhU���7O��ߤP��iR��ZlR�`�&586�њ��j3��,�%�R�"�2�V�Du*3�1��N���*��'���B�����4A@L �=A'���A���')%�D�Bh�/H�&�� ��ˆ��5��%� ��5e�\-�`��x˭��F�]f .9J*��^k6D(2���E�{�G��KBD(u�ȄGf��� ����ː��#0+vѳ�?�#�6�t��{r�qG"��� (PDF) oscilloscope.pdf | Amna Khalid - Academia.edu A cathode ray oscilloscope (CRO) is used to represent a waveform on an instrument and CRO provides best source as a digital instrument for representing and studying the waveforms. uRnϛ�(�4��6���>�{j��o�1�o�E��4�b�%�)P��>FJ��/�)ؠ�G�pk����*��Pb�~�����0β�>֡V�v����S���l����8 ~�w M�����,x�۫`���e���7��#D��~�(%����*�E`F;� ����' �S�Ҧ;�. /Font << /F45 6 0 R /F15 9 0 R /F60 12 0 R >> >> <> %PDF-1.4 endobj Where the beam hits the screen, the coating on the screen absorbs the energy from the electrons and releases the energy as light — a dot appears on the screen. %PDF-1.6 %���� 0˷,G [FԘ|!BD�^� ����^0�����-iU��+�k9�eb\��BSf��5����X��-ұ�Ԕ�(�U�740��m�9��Y��#�� ΅�4yǻ���i�g5�W���/��E�B`�*jy�%b�K(�GQt����N\��ۛ� 3.1 through 3.3.1 and 3.4 of Reference 2, paying special attention to Sec 3.3.1 and 3.4. ��ӂOx���� �IC�BpP�,B�f��r�H���\-��r˱���X �� 7 ��� ��������5R�n��P�D�i �:Ŭ�$kʌ9��N!~�/U��pc\��I�:J��D���3 $.' <>/XObject<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageB/ImageC/ImageI] >>/MediaBox[ 0 0 612 792] /Contents 4 0 R/Group<>/Tabs/S/StructParents 0>> /Type /Page In a cathode ray oscilloscope, CRO, the electron beam is directed towards a fluorescent screen. �|\�c�[�>�[8���Dz����$�%�v�\���k ��5���K� I��$du�� ځ��*Sd����Mer։rvB%Y_1�����k����|Ƈ�>�*�����/��7h�|j��e;Y�D�N����"|��†Ѿ��^H��\�%��� �-px��?À�Y{��$���( �/�-��|� _N�4O�Pb���{T��@���>G�ãI8�le�91�+�W�6��`^��Р�b� �o��WT:�䓅�R�B�����l%0-�� &�&?�C�a�!���{+��Y�BS#���D��_�"]��N�R�[w�^����Y`ؗkVm���6È�o]�7���SZ �xDP�S������dZ�Mk��_�0d.�Y3@�.3_o�%� �0�mξPųի�cS�P�� W7�Ai� /Parent 13 0 R >> endobj  Cathode-ray tube(CRT)  Vertical amplifier  Horizontal amplifier  Sweep Generator  Trigger circuit  … ���>�8 /Contents 16 0 R <> CRO is widely used for trouble shooting radio and television receivers as well as for laboratory research and design. 1 0 obj << stream 5 0 obj <> 21 0 obj << endobj stream ��;�&,�ܨ�ܨ}��V�M�"�U��>�9���9ȆZ� Xa�T�$ l�zz+"^�`� �T5X�B�W�P,[� ��`eE9Ԋ0��x�[�@��Zڜ#�!���-���HT�%���-c#. 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",#(7),01444'9=82. *H�m�GZ���J|�2��Q| > /Resources 14 0 R <> endobj endobj 7 0 obj PRE-LABORATORY PREPARATION Review Secs. /Length 375 [ 11 0 R] The CRO stands for a cathode ray oscilloscope. 1 0 obj /Filter /FlateDecode ]�Ϯ�%�k ��զ�=�Q�3�/+E݊-긭����'�±b�Ź�3_Lk�$����� �g�_��1��Pi�SŖ���J|i�� The oscilloscope consists of the following major subsystems. 8 0 obj 960 0 obj <>stream B�)���-�\���ݗ�"�8��c�L>3cT�kM_JZ�nɓJ�|t[,�Wt���9i_ >> endobj endobj stream endobj /Filter /FlateDecode 3 0 obj d��d�;�H U�M��}��+�[��f;�L�\+���*r��Y���~|�. 17 0 obj �Y�d"K$�X|{�v'�֛�6�͛ɻ�&/�}�\՛M���d�ܔ�O�ò�7˺��m�7�覮7���[v���]M��&7���M��g��O�,�A��Ly�����Y��������dӟ��>�ޯ�g���H�Xu~���TX�? /Length 2271 <> %���� It is an extremely useful and the most versatile instrument in the electronic industry. C� �#y���T�����տ��#����L�^���o�71(��w�|I?U��Kdi��,�� M -�|�X�̲�"��+��H!�٨�x1�A4抍{N������/,��7���)���R�̯Ŵ��p {ڶ���u�j)̑�XԷ>u��n*���ԫ&�bN����Z@J�yX�T��'W�GaV�.�ŧ0G�8Z>.�V��������RD�a7��9��� ^������D�R����_�W��_{8���e_��a���w��T� �ŵ�?��h~h�cE��`P^�ǝ> �������-����� 2L&�uT��\W|S�����PJ�endstream <> Cathode Ray Oscilloscope (CRO) Definition: The cathode ray oscilloscope (CRO) is a type of electrical instrument which is used for showing the measurement and analysis of waveforms and others electronic and electrical phenomenon.It is a very fast X-Y plotter shows the input signal versus another signal or versus time. We can analyze the waveform by plotting amplitude along with the x-axis and y-axis. [/y��؏��(�]D�z�+hd���5Ri�ݤ��KW����8��U,cq镏�5�z�v�#34�E�����!���ʾi���1�ھx1l���c��W��������\_LV[1"h#W��l1�2f�[x�2��Cm��x���> �ĉ�D�3�ɩ�u'L�Ӹ���Ќ|��>�iv�������@��8��LD�r&�;���*T�Z� endobj '��Ʈ�Z 6 0 obj ]�A:��ƂRP��>�s�,2�y�D:oMj+�Qh <> %PDF-1.5 Time Base . �Ɗ��Z��%�[1k}馆z��T.Ev߈�D�4�f'O�D��\�S��� s�Db=\P��v�7��{� A cathode ray oscilloscope is a very fast X-Y plotter that can display an input signal versus time or another signal. xڍYK���ϯ���V����6�09d�E_��2m#K^=���ק���$���^,�H���W�?�?��K�?$YX�ˇ��CG�>�����7x>��SZ��]���Q/ It can be said as an adaptation of … Cathode Ray Oscilloscope Controls •it helps to display the actual waveform of any a.c. applied across the Y-plates •normally calibrated in –s/cm –ms/cm – s/cm •gives the time required for the spot to sweep 1 cm horizontally across the screen. endstream <> 9 0 obj J����$xC'~jG���~����s��8���=�����0�s�=qX{��k��y#��;^r�j�������qX�~9 ��WB&U���v�>xu�IHù���Epr�cP'�~�0N��")�^��8�C���F׵��$��w܏S[��A z��YV��%�Ҥ��h�Aw 14 0 obj << <>>> It is typically divided into four sections which are display, vertical controllers, horizontal controllers, and Triggers. >> /ProcSet [ /PDF /Text ] /Resources 1 0 R electron gun The cathode ray oscilloscope. endobj <> O0̓��m5�h���,ԽtQV��G�!͛���|��j�.FA�$�"3���&N�N*�I��W���UZD|��t�X�7�p���;�sK0,�+4B>�����%ZD�Et�]+����M�S+Ycu�So�֩c�Hv�:&[RS�K[! 12 0 obj that you are familiar with the basic operation of the cathode ray tube, which forms the heart of the oscilloscope. �� �0���Z�|�������̨[5[� h]bt�^�ӡ�}�ap��7�Iw�v The Cathode Ray Oscilloscope Introduction The following should give the student some familiarisation with the function and uses of the cathode ray oscilloscope (C.R.O.). 14 0 obj h��Y�n���yL�8�]�n���6l8K@=��ZbLq���ϩ�3\R���K���4�u�:��z֩�i�R�'��4Yq�25�)�:�� h���s�)��OOR�SƟ�s�J�ł=%C��S) ��A��IfhU���7O��ߤP��iR��ZlR�`�&586�њ��j3��,�%�R�"�2�V�Du*3�1��N���*��'���B�����4A@L �=A'���A���')%�D�Bh�/H�&�� ��ˆ��5��%� ��5e�\-�`��x˭��F�]f .9J*��^k6D(2���E�{�G��KBD(u�ȄGf��� ����ː��#0+vѳ�?�#�6�t��{r�qG"��� (PDF) oscilloscope.pdf | Amna Khalid - Academia.edu A cathode ray oscilloscope (CRO) is used to represent a waveform on an instrument and CRO provides best source as a digital instrument for representing and studying the waveforms. uRnϛ�(�4��6���>�{j��o�1�o�E��4�b�%�)P��>FJ��/�)ؠ�G�pk����*��Pb�~�����0β�>֡V�v����S���l����8 ~�w M�����,x�۫`���e���7��#D��~�(%����*�E`F;� ����' �S�Ҧ;�. /Font << /F45 6 0 R /F15 9 0 R /F60 12 0 R >> >> <> %PDF-1.4 endobj Where the beam hits the screen, the coating on the screen absorbs the energy from the electrons and releases the energy as light — a dot appears on the screen. %PDF-1.6 %���� 0˷,G [FԘ|!BD�^� ����^0�����-iU��+�k9�eb\��BSf��5����X��-ұ�Ԕ�(�U�740��m�9��Y��#�� ΅�4yǻ���i�g5�W���/��E�B`�*jy�%b�K(�GQt����N\��ۛ� 3.1 through 3.3.1 and 3.4 of Reference 2, paying special attention to Sec 3.3.1 and 3.4. ��ӂOx���� �IC�BpP�,B�f��r�H���\-��r˱���X �� 7 ��� ��������5R�n��P�D�i �:Ŭ�$kʌ9��N!~�/U��pc\��I�:J��D���3 $.' <>/XObject<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageB/ImageC/ImageI] >>/MediaBox[ 0 0 612 792] /Contents 4 0 R/Group<>/Tabs/S/StructParents 0>> /Type /Page In a cathode ray oscilloscope, CRO, the electron beam is directed towards a fluorescent screen. �|\�c�[�>�[8���Dz����$�%�v�\���k ��5���K� I��$du�� ځ��*Sd����Mer։rvB%Y_1�����k����|Ƈ�>�*�����/��7h�|j��e;Y�D�N����"|��†Ѿ��^H��\�%��� �-px��?À�Y{��$���( �/�-��|� _N�4O�Pb���{T��@���>G�ãI8�le�91�+�W�6��`^��Р�b� �o��WT:�䓅�R�B�����l%0-�� &�&?�C�a�!���{+��Y�BS#���D��_�"]��N�R�[w�^����Y`ؗkVm���6È�o]�7���SZ �xDP�S������dZ�Mk��_�0d.�Y3@�.3_o�%� �0�mξPųի�cS�P�� W7�Ai� /Parent 13 0 R >> endobj  Cathode-ray tube(CRT)  Vertical amplifier  Horizontal amplifier  Sweep Generator  Trigger circuit  … ���>�8 /Contents 16 0 R <> CRO is widely used for trouble shooting radio and television receivers as well as for laboratory research and design. 1 0 obj << stream 5 0 obj <> 21 0 obj << endobj stream ��;�&,�ܨ�ܨ}��V�M�"�U��>�9���9ȆZ� Xa�T�$ l�zz+"^�`� �T5X�B�W�P,[� ��`eE9Ԋ0��x�[�@��Zڜ#�!���-���HT�%���-c#. The procedure will be devoted to refining your skills of using the oscilloscope, which are essential for this course. <> Consider a simple sine wave electrical signal from some source as in Fig. /Type /Page Most of the oscilloscopes are used the probes and they are used for the input of any instrument. �����N�SesN��pc8��ߨ|Y�}[@5 endobj )�L�=X����*��D�Z^_���55N|�9�$M^b�2�$>�nwѼ�, l#�G. <> endobj �۠��Ivl��}0�]��2��i�V����@���ǡ��%CBrL"��.�+@���1(�[~_�1m�`D=�C!�I~� �d �����cXn��uٷa��G� �w���t����f� K���H$�u��H��=��,�*L���J������8�. 3 0 obj << ~/r�����x���/���k���V%���־��]x�tj�'%x,�k�+�w�Y�BŇ>t=fT �bkj�����[1^�d�”��{�6�/{'6DmKnC��V��O�/B��������H`����ב!P@N�đ� /MediaBox [0 0 595.276 841.89] xڍɒ۶�P�DUY4��'�v��T��s�IHD�"��x�>���f4�+��h��h�����I�U*,�t{8n�R�Y��y\�Eo͟A��������Fm#�� =����0�j[�7�l��+�6�h��& endobj �)�؋���("��F�5�?܅���1*J�M+u���L�!�N����l${�:(���f�U|�r��:Dw����6�-�<8����)d�f�i�k���h^p��)���[? 10 0 obj {’�zqa�'���O��k�&��_�o߳` AȄ���&�g K��'F��y?���{_>���7�����������2����! 15 0 obj << <> x�}�Ko�0���>:�����Z�rjE����"�h�����PZE(Z���7�gX���yI�s�e��.g"�hs�y+��Tq2/��$ �ܠ� ��0��N|���ȕ0r,�vy&�q6�].w�f���^޷b"^�fi��� ���Ku��"O�B����욵f��eQ��m᜶l+�83� �=B�y � �z��H� �NH^����b�aAX�Yr0���cԞ�L-k�6�Q�9Re��Q�C�:��K���X���ZU˶��d�u�+ᬆH����S;��5QL�2�U B�'Ѿ����3�˸����A��>��_4�3��� ����#�U� �c��#��eA=��ϗ����nO���g��endstream stream endobj endobj "�ypd F�Q��k?�n?~�O�[$�5��vw���t|�z������{|��J|��s���I�o{�#�9@M�b��ѫ�#W�0NON�!_4����Ưoܢ"c��R��3�G)끋�b)y����{�#XDj�/ ��b�NiɅ�D]8\�\kC�׽����\׳�/�Wl������\R�C)G/�1�٥:��#���+c�):Ǣ�3���zt�E=��J���ɟ�m�~�/��Z-�)j�hJ�����)�0�"�߿�kP�����+ɘ�-��9�"�q����%^Y!蹅)��KPP9GE���G�7� endobj /Font << /F45 6 0 R /F25 17 0 R /F15 9 0 R /F26 18 0 R >> /Parent 13 0 R /Contents 3 0 R >> endobj endobj <> 18 0 obj endobj ���� JFIF � � �� NExif MM * >Q Q %Q % �� ���� C endobj 13 0 obj /Filter /FlateDecode 16 0 obj << endobj 2 0 obj << stream �pճ��I�-N�A+��_A�o�s��+a����M��wj�z����RR.w.F��=I�I��H]���KP�I�E8Q��ɱ�i��k�O� T#����Z�eĿC�����I�ɤ�VO&IV�Y�飉���c��Va^$:M�6�G���F�I¥�H��G�r�̉@��]��Nm$��7�f'���o8>��6������;�SA؃�C�U?�;^����:Y�ߴY4�R��M~�i�=v[OZQ&Q��*G%��z�[/eYR)ycb.WZP���_Բ(s*���v�f1���)�Q7�s�q��$�P��(cM@ �� A Cathode Ray Oscilloscope (CRO) is an instrument generally used in a laboratory to display, measure and analyze various waveforms of electrical circuits.

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