September 5, to whom, and in what way," as the summary recorded Kissinger's instructions to CIA Director Richard Helms. Under the Labour government of Harold Wilson (1964-1970), a secret Foreign Office unit initiated a propaganda offensive in Chile aiming to prevent Allende, Chile’s leading socialist figure, winning power in two presidential elections, in 1964 and 1970. or firstname.lastname@example.org, The Pinochet File (James N. Wallace, U.S. Library of Congress, Wikimedia Commons). U.S. private, and governmental institutions with overt, legitimate purposes of their own may have, been discredited by the pervasiveness of covert action. In the aftermath of General Augusto Pinochet's arrest in October 1998, the National Security Archive, along with victims of the Pinochet regime, led a The, States most favored may have been discredited within their own societies by the fact of, their covert support. WINNER OF THE 2017 MARTHA GELLHORN PRIZE FOR JOURNALISM. By excavated volume it is the largest open pit copper mine in the world. Kissinger continued. In these handwritten notes, CIA Director Richard Helms records the instructions of President Richard Nixon to foment a coup in Chile. elected Socialist government of Salvador Allende, and the U.S.-supported coup that brought General Augusto Pinochet to power in 1973. "Kissinger asked that the plan be as precise as possible and include what orders would be given Allende’s policies of nationalisation posed a considerable threat to British and U.S. interests, particularly in Chile’s major industry, copper, whose mines were substantially owned by U.S. companies. “Chile is in the front line as far as communism in South America is concerned,” one IRD planner, On 13 July 1970, with just weeks until the election, Allott, It also organised “spoiling operations” against Allende and engaged in a three-year campaign between 1970 and 1973 to politically “assassinate” him by funnelling “millions of dollars to strengthen opposition political parties”, according to a U.S. Senate, The U.K. and U.S. also shared information on left-wing activity in Chile, an arrangement which, In October 1970, British officers in Santiago had covertly, FWF played a significant role in the propaganda onslaught against Allende. volume was edited by two former officials of the State Department's Office of the Historian, James Siekmeier and James McElveen. "The next volume could advance the historical record on CIA support for the Chilean secret police, DINA, CIA According to handwritten notes taken by CIA Director Richard Helms, Nixon issued explicit instructions to prevent the newly elected president of Chile, Salvador Allende, … The IRD deployed a specialist field officer to Santiago during the late 1960s, whose operations focused directly on thwarting an Allende victory. The availability of an "extra", means may alter officials' assessment of the costs and rationales of overt policies. of this website Copyright 1995-2017 National Security Archive. Source: Senate Select Committee to Study Government Operations with Respect to Intelligence Activities, Covert Action in Chile, 1963-1973. Make your tax-deductible donation by clicking here. IRD files show how, during the late 1960s, British planners shared strategic advice and intelligence with U.S. officials. (Arquivo Nacional, Wikimedia Commons). British efforts to stop Allende failed, and the Chilean presidential election in September 1970 brought to power the country’s first avowed socialist ever elected to office. III. Though IRD planners cautioned the U.S. against “possibly taking a too extreme line” in its anti-communist propaganda, they nonetheless provided U.S. officers with a list of Chilean journalists who could produce desirable content. I sent CIA headquarters in Langley a special type of top-secret cable known as a CRITIC, which takes priority over all other cables and goes directly to the highest levels of government. Get step-by-step explanations, verified by experts. Covert Action: 1964-1969 C. The 1970 Election: A "Spoiling" Campaign D. Covert Action Between September 4 and October 24, 1970 E. Covert Action During the Allende Years, 1970-1973 F. Post-1973 IV. Salvador Allende in 1972. In Latin America particularly, even the suspicion of CIA support may, be the kiss of death. (Diego Delso, CC BY-SA 4.0, Wikimedia Commons), As Allende looked increasingly likely to win power, British propaganda operations intensified. Allott also proposed to IRD chief Kenneth Crook that Britain train the Chilean military in “counter-subversion.” Notably, she referred to Britain’s previous training of the Brazilian dictatorship’s Ministry of Foreign Affairs, which was later revealed to include lessons in torture techniques. When covert actions in Chile became public knowledge the costs were obvious The, When covert actions in Chile became public knowledge, the costs were obvious. The report added that the U.S. was “anxious for the United Kingdom to do as much as possible in the propaganda field” in Latin America. By Peter Kornbluh, The New Press, Updated edition (September 11, 2013), Pinochet: Los Archivos Secretos Writing days after the election, he noted that this was “a victory against the communists to press home” adding that there was now “a government to support whose policies, if carried out effectively, offer what is probably the best chance we have had in the continent of robbing the communists of their raison d’être.”. As elsewhere in Latin America we can cover areas closed to the Americans.”. The forthcoming issue of Foreign Affairs contains an article by former CIA operative Jack Devine, "What Really Happened in Chile: the CIA, the Coup Against Allende, and This article is from Declassified UK, an investigative journalism organisation that covers the UK’s role in the world. The IRD also shared intelligence about left-wing activity in the country with the U.S. government. Several months before Chile’s 1964 presidential election, a British Cabinet Office unit called the Counter-subversion Committee’s Working Group on Latin America, At this time, Allende was a presidential candidate in the election running as leader of the. Latin Americans because of the pervasiveness of clandestine U.S. activity. Of course there were many causes of, that poor showing, but in 1964 the PDC had been spared the need of developing some of, its own grass roots organizations. As Allende looked increasingly likely to win power, British propaganda operations intensified. | internships | search British officials in Santiago assisted a CIA-funded media organization which was part of extensive U.S. covert action to overthrow Allende, culminating in the 1973 coup. On 13 July 1970, with just weeks until the election, Allott informed British Ambassador David Hildyard that “the IRD operation… has been concentrating on preventing an extreme left alliance from gaining power in the 1970 presidential elections, and on helping suitable organisations which are likely to continue in existence whatever happens at the elections.”, She added: “The IRD field officer… has very close contacts with specialist officials in the [Chilean] Ministry of Foreign Affairs, [redacted], and certain student organisations. The Magazine Basic Theme by bavotasan.com. declassification of all relevant records on the U.S. role in Chile, including all records of CIA contacts with the Chilean military leading up to the The controversial State Department, Defense Department and CIA records were released. The U.S. Government's official report of this covert action said this operation epitomizes CIA covert actions (worldwide). Some 23,000 NSC, "I sent CIA headquarters in Langley a special type of top-secret cable known as a CRITIC, which takes priority over all other cables and goes directly to the highest levels of government. By 1970, covert action had become completely defensive in character: to, prevent the election of Allende. Declassified files show that Britain conducted a covert propaganda offensive to stop Allende from winning two democratic presidential elections, John McEvoy reports. 317 pages, notes, bibliography, and index. Several officials from whom the Committee took testimony suggested. The effects on American institutions are less obvious but no less important. According to a declassified National Security Agency history, the Church Committee also helped to uncover the NSA's Watch List.
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