Biotechnology has both positive and negative impacts on human civilization. The patent rights can be enforced only after securing the patent. These genetic modifications also increase a plant's resistance to disease, pests, insecticides, herbicides and even extreme weather conditions. Patents can be methods, devices, new ways, new uses and new applications. Although plant varieties produced through traditional cross breeding techniques may be protected under the laws of Plant Breeder’s Rights (PBR). Biological substitutes can replace the use of the chemical in medical with lesser side effects. Despite harvesting thousands of genetically modified plants, scientists still do not have a clear understanding of how these genetic changes affect the human body long term, primarily because these food plants have only been available since the early 1990s. As a leader of the third world countries India has extended social responsibility towards their welfare. CONs of Genetic Engineering In Agriculture… REFERENCES. The inventors prefer to file the provisional application at the concept stage of the invention when they feel confident to file the complete application within twelve months-time from the date of the provisional application it is done, so as to exploit the right to propriety. Applicants may have to make a cell or seed deposit with a culture collection before filing an application. Genetically modified plants and animals are not patentable in India. Using biotechnology in the growth and production of fruits and vegetables has enabled scientists to change the way they ripen. Advantages and Disadvantages. New Methods of Treatment or Diagnosis: New treatment or diagnosis methods applicable for instruments, industrial products such as dyes, flavour chemicals, plants, animals, etc. The claim defines the scope of invention to be protected by the patent so that the others may not use it. It is a new and non-obvious method of using a known compound. The Supreme Court of India in a case declared that. Any litigation related to patented product or process is highly expensive. 5. Consider vegetables with a built-in herbicide, or grains containing mega-vitamins, or maybe harvesting decaffeinated coffee directly from the tree. Patent right locks the functionality aspect and restricts the rights to the patent owner. The grant is filed at the patent office it is not published. Disadvantages of biotechnology Biotechnology also has a number of risk and disadvantages : Given that the introduction of foreign genes to the diet, and therefore, to the human body can be dangerous, a potential risk could be the transfer of potentially allergenic proteins, that is, capable of determining, in some hypersensitive subjects, food intolerances. The applicant can file for renewal of the lapsed patent within eighteen months from the date on which the patent has ceased to have effect. India is a signatory country to the Paris Convention and the WTO. Chromosomes, genes and DNA are the foundation of genetic engineering and the science of biotechnology. 2020 It should be applied in a proper method in order to get positive impact. 2. Disadvantages of biotechnology … Compositional formula of several beneficial products such as pharmaceuticals and reagents. 2. In recent years, researchers have succeeded in better understanding the functioning of the human body and its immune system. Applications which are completely new such as exploitation of microbes for the production of antibiotics and other drugs, etc. Thus they can be incremental innovations. History of Patents 2. Consider vegetables with a built-in herbicide, or grains containing mega-vitamins, or maybe harvesting decaffeinated coffee directly from the tree. Patents cover the ideas themselves, not just an idea’s expression. While we have genetically modified our crops and breeds for centuries, there is some hesitation about the more intrusive albeit more targeted way biotechnology does this.
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