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Graham believed that consuming sugar, alcohol, and meat made people lustful, greedy, and sick. Some sources assert Graham himself invented the snack in 1829; others claim the graham cracker did not come into being until 1882, 31 years after Grahams death. There he formulated his radical ideas about diet and health—much of which he adhered to for the rest of his life. [15] The graham cracker is a main ingredient in the preparation of the s'more. [16] Graham crackers are also commonly used in place of broas in the traditional Filipino icebox cake mango float. And his solution to this problem was a vegetarian diet devoid of spices and processed flour. He believed that minimizing pleasure and stimulation of all kinds, coupled with a vegetarian diet anchored by bread made from wheat coarsely ground at home, was how God intended people to live, and that following this natural law would keep people healthy. Presbyterian minister Sylvester Graham invented Graham Crackers in 1829 as part of a radical new dietary philosophy. [3]:29[5], The main ingredients in its earlier preparations were graham flour, oil, shortening or lard, molasses and salt. today. [7] Graham crackers have been a mass-produced food product in the United States since 1898, with the National Biscuit Company being the first to mass-produce it at that time. [2], The graham cracker was inspired by the preaching of Sylvester Graham who was part of the 19th-century temperance movement. His followers were called Grahamites and forme… Originally conceived as part of a diet developed by the Reverend Sylvester Graham of Connecticut, the Graham cracker was consumed as a part of an extremely restrictive, bland diet. Graham's beliefs included an idea that sugary, spicy, or otherwise flavorful foods led to an increased appetite for evil human desires. Graham was a fan of abstinence in many forms. [2] In earlier times, mass-produced graham crackers were typically prepared using yeast-leavened dough, which added flavor to the food via the process of fermentation, whereas contemporary mass-production of the product typically omits this process. But surprisingly, many at the time adopted his diet. (The latter date appears to be based on the year recipes for graham crackers started appearing in cookbooks.) But his message hit home with Americans, many of whom harbored a puritanical streak. The flour was nicknamed "graham flour" and is the main ingredient in Graham Crackers. It is eaten as a snack food, usually honey- or cinnamon-flavored, and is used as an ingredient in some foods. Its inventor, Sylvester Graham, was a minister in the early 1800s with a strong disdain for lust. In the era in which he grew up, commercial bakers followed a trend for white flour that removed all fiber and nutritive value from wheat which many people, including and especially Sylvester Graham himself, believe sickened a generation of Americans. [9][10] The product continues to be mass-produced in the U.S. [17][18], A box of National Biscuit Company graham crackers, c. 1915, which was priced at ten cents, Mango float, an icebox cake dessert from the Philippines using graham crackers, cream, and ripe Philippine mangoes, Cracker confectionery usually sweetened with honey, "Tasting Ready-Made Graham Cracker Crusts", "S'mores: How this American campfire snack came from the Industrial Revolution", 7 Things You Probably Didn’t Know About Graham Crackers, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Graham_cracker&oldid=989107711, All Wikipedia articles written in American English, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 17 November 2020, at 02:29. The graham cracker was inspired by the preaching of Sylvester Graham who was part of the 19th-century temperance movement. In 1898 the National Biscuit Company obtained the rights to Graham’s crackers and decided to mass produce them sweetened with honey. Ironically, today’s Graham crackers wouldn’t meet the minister’s approval at all. Unfortunately for Graham, there has been no proof that his diet curbed sexual appetite. The product took off and eventually versions with cinnamon and chocolate made their way to the markets. Mary Bellis covered inventions and inventors for ThoughtCo for 18 years. His followers were called Grahamites, and they were famous for their odd Graham “health practices.” These practices included taking cold showers, sleeping on hard mattresses, and a bland vegetarian diet. Now Graham Crackers are used for pie crusts, cakes, and the ever tasty S’more. Many opened Graham boarding houses where his dietary ideas were enacted. In the 1830s, Graham was a minister in Newark, New Jersey. She is known for her independent films and documentaries, including one about Alexander Graham Bell. From sex, sure, but also from meat (he helped to found the American Vegetarian Society), sugar, alcohol, fat, tobacco, spices, and caffeine. Before they were used for S’mores, people ate Graham Crackers to stop masturbation and other sexual urges. Despite all the health claims of his diet, Graham died at the relatively early age of 57. Who actually produced the first graham crackers so named because they were made of the unsifted wheat flour that Sylvester Graham promoted is the subject of dispute. [12], Graham cracker crumbs are used to create graham cracker crusts for pies and moon pies, and as a base, layer or topping for cheesecake. His followers distanced themselves from the movement shortly afterwards. In the era in which he grew up, commercial bakers followed a trend for white flour that removed all fiber and nutritive value from wheat which many people, including and especially Sylvester Graham himself, believe sickened a generation … He also insisted on bathing and brushing the teeth on a daily basis (before it was necessarily commonplace to do so). Graham Crackers represented to Graham all that was good about the earth and its bounty; he believed that a high-fiber diet was a cure for a variety of ailments. Made largely of refined flour and loaded with sugar and trans fat (in this case called "partially hydrogenated cottonseed oil"), most are pale imitations of Graham’s soul-saving biscuit.

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