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A participle is a word which is partly a verb and partly an adjective. progressive and perfect tenses (the participle is in bold, the helping The dishwasher was invented by an Indiana housewife. Before the main clause, the participial phrase is followed by a comma: After the main clause, it is preceded by a comma: In mid-sentence position, it is set off by commas before and after: In each sentence below, the participial phrase clearly modifies the subject ("my sister") and suggests a cause: But consider what happens when the participial phrase moves to the end of the sentence: Here the logical order of cause-effect is reversed, and as a result, the sentence may be less effective than the first two versions. The Difference Between Gerunds, Participles, and Infinitives, Dangling Participle: Explanation and Examples, Gerunds: Special Verbs That Are Also Nouns, Understanding the Types of Verbs in English Grammar, 100 Key Terms Used in the Study of Grammar, Free Modifiers: Definition, Usage, and Examples, Understanding Present and Past Participles, Parallelism in Writing for English Learners, Definition and Examples of Reduced Adverb(ial) Clauses, Ph.D., Rhetoric and English, University of Georgia, M.A., Modern English and American Literature, University of Leicester, B.A., English, State University of New York. Where can a participle phrase appear in a sentence? The doctor prepared to puncture my arm with a needle. You must make sure that the word is functioning as an adjective in the sentence. This information should not be considered complete, up to date, and is not intended to be used in place of a visit, consultation, or advice of a legal, medical, or any other professional. * We respect your email privacy and you can unsubscribe at any time. 3. is in bold): Examples (the participle Participle Phrases. Study the following examples: Knocking at the door, he demanded admission. Participle phrases have the function of __________ in a sentence. A participial phrase is a phrase that starts with a participle (verb) and includes modifiers, objects, and/or complements. What is a participle phrase? A gerund functions as a noun, while a present participle functions as an adjective. Where they appear in a sentence also impacts the sentence’s meaning, as well as the way in which they’re punctuated. We can correct this dangling modifier either by adding I to the sentence or by replacing the participial phrase with an adverb clause: A gerund is a verbal that also ends in "ing," just like participles in the present tense. A participle is a word formed from a verb. cookies and bottle of milk. Examples (the participle Ben, exhausted after a long day, took a nap on the couch. The simplest way to differentiate the two is to use the word "it" in place of the verbal. To make it clear that this description is integral to the sentence’s meaning, we do not use commas to … Removing his glasses, the professor shook his head with disappointment. (The participle phrase carrying the bricks describes the the man.) A participle that ends in “-ing” looks like a gerund. They can't stand alone as complete sentences. So that means a participial phrase is a phrase that starts with a verb, and the entire phrase acts like an adjective by modifying a noun or pronoun. If we took the participle phrases out, each of the examples above would still mean the same thing, just with less descriptive detail. A participial phrase or clause is a wonderful tool for writers because it gives color and action to a sentence. By employing verbals—words derived from a verb—along with other grammatical elements, an author can craft clauses that function as an adjective, modifying nouns and pronouns. Identify what kind of participle phrase is used in the following sentence:“Having worked all her life, Susanne was ready to enjoy her retirement.”. A painted doll = a doll which is painted. Sitemap. Be careful when combining sentences and converting one to a participial phrase to keep the subject of the sentence that goes with the adjectival phrase. Copyright © 2010-2020 Really-Learn-English.com. Return from English 4. The doctor prepared to puncture my arm with a needle. Exercise: Building Sentences with Participial Phrases . Although participial phrases can be an effective tool, beware. If the noun/pronoun that the participle phrase describes is (There is no comma when a participle phrase is placed immediately after its noun (Arthur in this example).) Remember, participles are verbs that act like adjectives. phrase is in bold, the participle is underlined, the noun or pronoun which Read on to learn more about these phrases and how they work! What kind of participle phrase indicates a noun that is acted upon (not the agent of the participle’s action)?

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